Can I Eat Quiche or Frittata During Pregnancy? Safety + Heating

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Written by Shandra Williams

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Quiche and frittata are versatile and delicious egg-based dishes, which is why many pregnant women wonder if they’re OK to eat.

You can eat quiche and frittata while pregnant, as long as they are cooked all the way through. This means the center should be cooked and not runny.

Uncooked eggs may contain a type of bacteria that can make you sick, especially during pregnancy.

Now you’ll be wondering – can you eat cold quiche and frittata? Any consideration about their fillings? Here’s what else you need to know about the safety of quiche and frittata during pregnancy, plus how to heat them properly.

Can I Eat Quiche or Frittata While Pregnant?

Both quiche and frittata are safe to eat during pregnancy, as long as you keep a few food safety precautions in mind. Here’s what you need to know about the safety of quiche and frittata during pregnancy:

  1. First, avoid eating quiche or frittata that is made with raw eggs. Raw eggs can contain bacteria that can lead to food poisoning caused by Salmonella enteritidis. Salmonella bacteria infection can lead to severe illness and, in some cases, death (source: CDC).
  2. Second, be sure that the quiche or frittata is cooked all the way through. This means that the center should be cooked and not runny. Undercooked eggs can also lead to food poisoning.
  3. You can eat frittata that is made with unpasteurized milk or cheese if it’s been thoroughly cooked. Unpasteurized dairy products may contain bacteria that can harm you and your baby (source: FDA).
cheese quiche with chicken, arugula and mushrooms on a wooden table

If you are eating out, ask the server how the quiche or frittata is prepared. The temperature should be above 165 degrees Fahrenheit to kill any bacteria that may be present (source: Egg Innovations and Strategies for Improvements Journal).

If you are pregnant and crave quiche or frittata, the safest approach is to make it at home. This way, you can control the ingredients that go into the dish and be sure that it is cooked properly.

Aside from these precautions, quiche and frittata offer some benefits during pregnancy. Eggs are a good source of protein and choline.

Choline is a nutrient that helps support your baby’s brain development and nervous system. It is important to get enough choline during pregnancy, as it can help reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

Can I Eat Cold Quiche or Frittata When Pregnant?

If you have leftover quiche or frittata, it is safe to eat if it is correctly stored. Leftovers should be refrigerated within two hours of cooking and can be stored in the fridge for up to four days (source: USDA). 

When you are ready to eat the leftovers, be sure to reheat the quiche or frittata until it is steaming hot. This will help kill any bacteria that may be present. The ideal temperature for leftovers is 165 degrees Fahrenheit (source: FDA). A couple of minutes in the microwave is usually enough to achieve this.

Quiche and Frittata Fillings and Pregnancy Safety

There are many different types of quiche and frittata, so the ingredients will vary. In general, quiche contains eggs, milk, cream, and a variety of cheeses and meats. Frittata is similar to quiche but often contains fewer ingredients.

Frittata with tomatoes, red peppers, mustard and ham on a pan

The fillings in quiche and frittata are usually safe to eat during pregnancy if it’s been fully cooked. Here are some examples and why you should always eat fully cooked/steaming hot quiche or frittata.

For example, if the quiche or frittata contains spinach, be sure to wash it thoroughly. Spinach can contain a harmful bacteria called listeria. Listeria infection can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, or preterm labor (Source: National Library of Medicine). 

Other ingredients, such as ham, bacon, and sausage, may also be present in quiche or frittata. These deli meats should be heated to an internal temperature of at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit to minimize food poisoning risk.

Cheese and milk are also common ingredients in quiche and frittata. Both of these ingredients are usually safe to eat, if they’re heated or cooked (source: National Health Service).

You can still enjoy your favorite foods like quiche or frittata during your pregnancy, as long as you take the necessary precautions. Just be sure to cook eggs thoroughly, avoid unpasteurized dairy products, and choose fillings that are safe for consumption during pregnancy.